- The purpose (why this subject need to be taught & the intended impact on pupils of teaching it)
PE plays a vital role in promoting physical activities and a healthy lifestyle in a positive and enjoyable way for all pupils. PE gives pupils the ability to develop their physical well-being in a range of physical activities and sports – helping them to grow and achieve their personal fitness and learn important life skills.
- The aims (the main ideas & concepts we intend children to grasp as a result of the teaching)
Through physical education we teach students a set of all-important values including self-belief, teamwork, determination, honesty, passion and respect. We want children to learn to include exercise and physical activity as part of their lifestyle. Physical education links to lots of other areas of the curriculum and helps educate children on relevant issues such as the importance of hygiene and health. It works on boosting the confidence of students as fit and healthy individuals. Building self-confidence is important to sport and with everyday learning. Furthermore, it will teach them how to have a positive attitude despite certain setbacks and defeats in life. Physical education can including teamwork successfully by developing their communication skills as well as their ability to coordinate with one another to achieve one common goal. Students develop their motor skills and improve their cognitive abilities. Moreover, physical education is also important because it is a means of enjoyment and recreation for students. By simply engaging in sports and physical activities, they can spend some quality time away from their other usual academic subjects. In the end, they can achieve healthy minds and bodies.
Implementation (overview of what is taught in each year in each term)
At Brookburn children are taught fundamental movement skills, building on their prior knowledge and skill level to become increasingly competent and confident to extend their agility, balance and
Co-ordination, individually and with others. Children are taught skills based on their stage, not their age.
Key stage 1
Children are taught to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities through:
- mastering basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities
- participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending
- perform dances using simple movement patterns.
Key stage 2
Children continue to build on and apply their previous skills, learning how to use them in different ways and to link them to make actions and sequences of movement. Within PE children are taught how to develop their communication and collaboration skills to work as a team and to evaluate to improve their performance. This is taught through:
- running, jumping, throwing and catching in isolation and in combination
- play competitive games [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders and tennis], and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending
- develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance [for example, through athletics and gymnastics]
- perform dances using a range of movement patterns
- take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team
- compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best.
Children progress at different rates so in each area of physical education we look at what stage children are at before building on their previous knowledge. Our yearly overview is flexible as we recognise that it is important for children to not necessary have every sport covered within a year, however work on the skills and techniques for longer that they can apply to other sports than to trying to cram everything into a six week block. At Brookburn we ensure we are inclusive, and that all children from different walks of life, especially our vulnerable children have full access to all our PE and sports after school clubs, including competitions on offer.
Through our teaching of PE and school sport children enjoy and value their experience of the range of sports that are on offer and want to take it further making it part of their lives – both in and out of school. Pupils understand that PE and sport are an important part of a healthy, active lifestyle. Children gain self-confidence by getting involved and trialing new things, seeing improvement of skills and techniques they need to take part in PE and sport. Children are given opportunities to experience a wide range of competitive, creative and challenge-type activities, both as individuals and as part of a team or group.
At Brookburn we use both formative and summative assessment to make our overall judgements. Staff use their observational skills to continuously ensure that their teaching is meeting the needs of the learners. The assessment outcomes are all equally weighted and focus on the child’s holistic development in PE and not merely on performance. Judgements can be supported with video and picture evidence, which can be used to get children analysing and evaluating their own work.